Graphic design abcs_ a glossary of basic design terms 3 image digital album

UPDATE: This post was originally published on September 22, 2007. Digital image processing an algorithmic approach with matlab We’ve updated the list and added images. Digital image hub Enjoy, Creatives! Designers have their own language.


Digital image suite 10 There are words that only we understand. A survey of digital image watermarking techniques Sometimes we don’t really know their exact definitions; we simply use them out of familiarity.

It’s about time someone put them out there. Image digital The YTD team updated this glossary of graphic design terms for design newbies and experienced artists alike. Digital image fundamentals A

Acrobat A product developed by Adobe systems to create PDF (Portable Document Format) files. Ms digital image Acrobat is an independent means of creating, viewing, and printing documents.

Airbrush A propellant using compressed air that to spray a liquid, such as paint, and ink. Digital image creation Often used in used in illustration and photo retouching.

Alpha Channel The process of incorporating an image with a background to create the appearance of partial transparency. E six digital image Alpha channels are used to create masks that allow you to confine or protect parts of an image you want to apply color, opacity, or make other changes.

Analog Proof (Prepress Proof) A proof that uses ink jet, toner, dyes, overlays, photographic, film, or other methods to give a an idea of what the finished product should look like.

Anchor Point Anchor points allow the user to manipulate a path’s shape or direction by clicking the point and moving it in a direction. Applications of digital image processing in medical field pdf They appear along the beginning of a path, at every curve, and at the end of a path. Applications of digital image processing ppt You can also add or subtract anchor points on a path.

Bar The horizontal or vertical line drawn through a grapheme (unit of writing, such as a letter). Applications of digital image processing in various fields Sometimes added to distinguish one grapheme from another.

Bezier Curve A parametric curve that represents a vector path in computer graphics. Digital image processing in matlab They are frequently drawn using a pen tool and by placing anchor points which can be controlled to form shapes or lines.

Bleed When a graphic object extends through another in an unwanted manner. Digital image mover It is then trimmed so there is no chance for a white line on the edges.

Branding The process involved in creating a unique name and image for a product in the consumers ‘ mind, mainly through advertising campaigns with a consistent theme.

CMYK Stands for Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, and Key color (aka — black); this color model (also called process color, four color) is a subtractive color model used in color printing.

Comp (Comprehensive) Comps are made to see what the initial design project will look like before it’s printed, showing the layout of the text and illustrations.

EPS Stands for Encapsulated Post Script. Digital image processing second edition This is a graphics file format used to transfer PostScript documents that contain an image, within another PostScript document.

E-Zine Stands for electronic magazine. Digital image processing journals Refers to the name of a website that is represented by a print magazine; an web-based magazine that you can subscribe to. Digital image file F

Flexography A printing technique where printing plates are made of rubber or soft plastic material and then stretched around a drum on the press that rotates.

Font A complete combination of characters created in a specific type, style, and size. Digital image processing The set of characters in a font entails the letter set, the number set, and all of the special characters and marks you get when pressing the shift key or other command keys on your keyboard.

Frames Refers to animation. A frame is a single graphic in a distribution of graphic images. Components of digital image processing The speed of an animation is judged by frames per second. Fundamentals of digital image processing by anil k jain pdf G

Gamut The range of colors available to a particular output device or a given color space, such as a laser printer or an image setter. Digital image representation If the color range is too wide for that specific device, it is indicated as ‘out of gamut’.

GIF (Graphics Interchange Format) GIF images display up to 256 colors. Digital image processing castleman It supports animation and allows an individual palette of 256 color for each frame. Anil k jain digital image processing The color limitation makes the GIF format inappropriate for reproducing color photographs and other images with consistent color. Digital image processing in remote sensing GIF images are compressed using the LZW lossless data compression method to decrease the size of the file without corrupting the visual quality.

Graphic Design Visual communication using text or images to represent an idea or concept. Digital image now It is also a term used for all activities relating to visual design, including web design, logo design, etc.

Halftone (1) A photograph or scan of a consistent tone image to alter the image into halftone dots. Digital image processing ebook download (2) A photograph or continuous-tone illustration that has been halftoned and that is displayed on film, paper, printing plate, or the final printed product. Digital image file types H

Hard Copy The permanent reproduction of the output of a computer or printer. Digital image wiki For example: teleprinter pages, continuous printed tapes, computer printouts, etc.

Keyline A keyline is another name for a rule, line, or even a frame border. Digital image processing basics Keyline options can be set through design software applications to adjust the width, to be solid or dotted, or to show different patterns. Applications of digital image processing in security L

Letterpress A technique of printing where movable type is inked and then pressed against paper to create an impression. Digital image processing gonzalez Also called block printing.

Lossless Refers to a form of data compression where the detail is maintained and no data is lost after file downsizing. Digital image background The lossless compression method is often used in TIFF and GIF formats.

Margins Guidelines in a page layout software that shows a user the body copy areas. Digital image size It also allows the user to indicate the dimensions. Digital image processing third edition Margins are not supposed to be printed.

Master Page A property found in a page layout software that allows the user to create a constant page layout. Digital image editor Repeating elements—like page numbers—are created once on a master. Digitalglobe image This permits the user to stay clear of adding the numbers for each page manually.

Midtones In a photograph or illustration, tones composed by dots between 30 percent and 70 percent of coverage, as opposed to highlights and shadows.

Modern An altered version of Old Style. Digital image watermarking techniques these high-contrast letters have heavy, untapered stems and light serifs. Digital image processing viva questions Originally established by Firmin Didot and Giambattista Bodoni during the late 18th to early 19th centuries.

Opacity The degree of a color or tonal value. Digital image processing pdf gonzalez The opacity of an image or object that can range from transparent (0% opacity) to opaque (100% opacity). Digital image analysis The ability to edit the opacity of specific objects allows the designer to create images that seem to flow into and through one another.

Orphan Line The first line of a paragraph appearing on its own at the bottom on a page with the remaining part of the paragraph appearing on the next page.

Outline This can refer to the outside edge of a font or the outer edge of a vector graphic image drawn in a package such as Illustrator or Freehand.

Overlay Layer of material taped to a mechanical photo or proof. Digital image processing vtu notes Acetate overlays are used to divide colors by having some type or art on them instead of on the mounting board. Digital image processing rafael c gonzalez pdf Tissue overlays are used to carry instructions about the underlying copy and to protect the base art.

Over Run Additional printed material beyond order. What is digital image processing Over run policy differs in the printing industry, usually within 10% of the original quantity run. One digital image P

Pantone Matching System The Pantone matching system is used for defining and blending match colors. Digital image resource It accommodates designers with swatches of over 700 colors and gives printers the formulas for making those colors.

PDF Stands for Portable Document Format. R c gonzalez digital image processing Developed by Adobe Systems in its software program, Adobe Acrobat, to serve as a universal browser. What is digital image Files can be downloaded over the web and viewed page by page, provided the user’s computer has installed the application.

PNG Portable Network Graphics format. Applications of digital image processing in medical field PNG (usually pronounced “ping”), is used for lossless compression. Digital image types The PNG format displays images without jagged edges while keeping file sizes rather small, making them popular on the web. An introduction to digital image processing PNG files are generally larger than GIF files.

Primary Colors The primary colors are put together to produce the full range of other colors (non-primary colors), within a color model. Digitalglobe image finder The primary colors for the additive color model is red, green, and blue. Image definition in digital image processing The primary colors for the subtractive color model is cyan, magenta, and yellow. Digital image processing in medical field Q

Quick Time QuickTime was developed by Apple Computer. Digital image download It’s built into the Macintosh operating system computers and is used for displaying and editing animation. Digital image processing 3rd edition solution manual R

Ragged The imbalanced alignment of text lines. Digital image watermarking pdf Ragged is the opposite of flush. Colour image processing in digital image processing A text block may be formatted to be evenly flush (align) right and unevenly aligned (ragged) on the left.

Rasterize An image is said to be rasterized when transformed from vector image to a bitmapped image. Digital image processing remote sensing When opening a vector image in a bitmap-based editing program, you are generally presented with a dialog box of options for rasterizing the image.

Resample A function accessible in image editing that permits the user to change the resolution of the image while keeping its pixel count intact.

Resolution The resolution of an image is an important factor in deciding the attainable output quality. Digital image transfer The higher the resolution of an image, the less pixelated it will be and the curves of the image will appear smoother.

RGB (Red, Green, Blue) RGB is the color model used to project color on a computer monitor. Digital image recovery software By combining these three colors, a large percentage of the visible color spectrum can be represented.

Rich Media Rich media are banner ads that use technology more developed than standard GIF animation. For example: Flash, Shockwave, streaming video, etc.

Rivers A river is a typographic term for the ugly white gaps that can appear in justified columns of type when there is too much space between words on concurrent lines of text. Digital image processing by gonzalez 3rd edition pdf Rivers are particularly common in narrow columns of text, where the type size is relatively large.

Royalty-Free Photos Intellectual property like photos and graphic images that are sold for a single standard fee. Digital image processing applications These can be used repeatedly by the purchaser only, but the company that sold the images usually still owns all the rights to it. Digital image processing question paper S

Shadow Detail Shadow detail refers to the amount of detail held in the dark areas of an image. Digital image processing midterm exam If the shadow is lightened too much in an attempt to expose more detail, you run the risk of reducing the overall contrast of the image.

Small Caps Capital letters that are about the same height as the tvpeface’s x-height. Digital image collections Some software programs automatically create their own small caps, but true small caps are often only found in expert typefaces.

Spread (1) Two pages that face each other and are created as one visual or production unit. Digital image photography (2) Method of slightly enlarging the size of an image to make a hairline trap with another image. Digital image processing doc Also called fatty.

Subtractive Color A term defining the three subtractive primary colors: cyan, magenta, and yellow. Digital image processing jayaraman pdf free download As opposed to the three additive colors: red, blue, and green. Digital image processing meaning T

TIFF (Tagged Image File Format) A graphic file format used for storing images . Digital image warehouse TIFF is a commonly used file format for high color depth images.

Tolerance Tolerance is the range of pixels a tool in graphic software functions in. Digital image processing 3rd edition pdf download Or the range of shade or color pixels a Magic Wand selects, etc.

Tonal Distribution Tones can be redistributed during the scanning or image editing process. X ray digital image processing To lighten dark images or to darken light images.

Typography The art of arranging type—which includes letters, numbers, and symbols—so that it is pleasing to the eye. Digital image processing exam questions This includes not only the font that is used but how it is arranged on the page: letter by letter, size, line spacing, etc. Digital image processing and analysis U

Unsharp Mask A method used to heighten the sharpness or focus of images by selecting and increasing the contrast of pixels alongside the edges of images.

UV Coating A glossy coating applied to the paper surface and dried using ultraviolet light. The digital image It is glossy and adds a certain level of protection to the printed material. Digital image processing video lectures mit V

Vector Graphic Vector graphics allow the designer to expand or reduce the vector graphic in size without any loss in quality using curves, points, lines, and polygons.

Web-Safe Colors A color table containing only 216 out of a possible 256 colors, used to accurately match the colors of graphics and pictures in cross-platform web browsers.

Weight The range of a stroke’s width. Digital image processing in java Also knows as semi-bold, light, and bold. Digital image processing with matlab Some typeface families have many weights like ultra-bold and extra-light. Digital image processing by jayaraman Associated to the heaviness of the stroke for a specific font, such as Light, Regular, Book, Demi, Heavy, Black, and Extra Bold.

White Point One of a handful of reference illuminants used to define the color “white”. Digital image license Based on the application, different definitions of white are needed to give sufficient results.

Width Refers to whether the basic typeface has been lengthened or compressed horizontally. Digital image recovery software free download The typical variations are Condensed, Normal, or Extended.

Work and Turn This is when you print on one side of a sheet of paper, then you turn the sheet over from left to right and print the other side. Digital image recovery mac The same gripper and plate are used for this process.

Zip Stands for Zone Information Protocol: This is a way of compressing files into a smaller size, so they can be transferred with more ease over the Internet or any other means.

Zoom Most design software lets you zoom in or out on an image to get a closer or farther away look. Digital image processing techniques pdf Zooming in is especially useful when photo retouching or working on tiny details.